Clear radio communication ensures a safer jobsite when approached with respect and not congesting channels with pointless chatter. It can be very confusing, distracting, and difficult if not impossible to understand.
What if someone acts on misinterpreted information? Accidents happen when messages are misinterpreted over handheld radios. With the right use of language and protocols, you can communicate, knowing that your messages are being delivered and received clearly.
To become a safer and more effective worker, the following information will help.
Become familiar with the different types of radios you might use at work. Are there walkie-talkie radios, hand-held radios and/or others? Are the various models available best suited to the needs for the work?
All radios have channel options, so you can speak on an alternate channel if one channel is in use by another party. This feature is critical, but it can also make communication confusing. People may continue talking without ever receiving a response. Chances are good that a non-reply is due to being on the wrong channel. Always identify your preferred channel with your co-workers so you are able to communicate.
It is wise to identify some backup channels in case unrelated users are on the same channel, or there are too many crews on a single channel, which can lead to improper or ineffective communication. A best practice, to prevent potential communication problems, is by creating worksite zones or regions and assigning each its own specific channel.
Changing a channel is easily done by rotating a switch where the channels are identified by numbers to readily see what channel you're using. All channels can then be centrally monitored to ensure no messages, affecting the entire jobsite, are missed due to isolated communication.
Radio Communication Protocols
Since many worksites may have multiple workers on a channel, it is important to avoid long, non-work-related conversations which tie-up the radio channels.
Here are some basic protocol rules for exercising good radio practices:
- Do not talk over someone else. If you hear someone talking, wait until you hear them stop before speaking.
- Only respond to a call that is intended for you. Often people will call using a call sign. For example, they will report by saying, "CM to Bob, are you by?" A standard answer would be, "Bob here, go ahead." In this way, the call has been acknowledged and the message is waiting to be received.
- Be aware that others could listen in. Many radio channels are public and monitored via scanners and other devices. NEVER give out confidential information since it can be easily received by third parties.
- Always check the battery to ensure a good level of power and always carry a backup battery. In an emergency, a dead battery could make the difference between life and death for a co-worker or anyone else.
- Check in on a regular schedule with a co-worker or supervisor to ensure the work is being carried out safely and that radios are working properly.
- Get to know the language protocol of radio communication. Clarity, simplicity and shortness are the basic rules for radio communication language. Some worksites may have their own language, evolved either across their industry or at their particular company; however, most share a common base. Some examples include saying "over" to tell the receiver that you are finished speaking, or saying "copy" to advise that you understood what was said. "Say again" is a simple way to get the speaker to repeat what they said, and "break, break, break" is very important – it is used to silence all conversation on the channel to communicate an emergency.
Clear Communication is Critical to Safety on the Job
Radio communication on a jobsite closes the physical gaps and keeps information flowing. On any jobsite, become familiar with the channel(s) used, make sure equipment is in working order with backup power, and learn the radio language that helps with clarity, simplicity and conciseness.
When everyone follows protocols, approaches them with respect and avoids clogging up channels with needless chatter, radio communication remains clear, making for a safer jobsite.
How can WSG help?
Talk to one our safety associates for guidance on developing a policy for Two- Way Radio communications?
Need help with protocols and language ? WSG can help. TF 1-866-347-7707